Indang, officially the Municipality of Indang, is a 1st class municipality in the province of Cavite, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 65,599 people.
The municipality is situated in the central part of Cavite Province approximately 12 kilometers (7.5 mi) from Tagaytay Ridge. The Municipality consists of the Poblacion and surrounding barangays with a total land area of 8,920 hectares (22,000 acres).
Indang (originally called Indan) was established as a town in 1655, when it was administratively separated from the nearby town of Silang, Cavite. Indang derived its name from the words “Inrang” or “yndan”, a tree which was also called “Anubing”. The tree of Inrang was used to be abundant in the local since the early times.
Indang was part of Silang, Cavite for about 70 years, the municipality of Indang was organised with a prominent native, Juan Dimabiling, as the first gobernadorcillo. The distance between the barrio of Indang and the poblacion of Silang caused the residents of the former great difficulty in transacting officials business and attending religious services. This led the people of Indang to petition higher authorities for the conversion of the barrio into a separate municipality. The exact month and day of the municipality’s establishment has no verification. However, existing documents proved that Indang was instituted during the cold month of 1655. Therefore, the municipal government decided and declared December 1 as “Indang Day” which was annually celebrated and thereafter by its people.
During the Philippine Revolution, Indan was known by its Katipunan name “Walang Tinag”. It was also during this time that the letter “g” was added to its name; thus it is now called Indang. It belongs to the Magdiwangfaction, which rivaled the Magdalo faction headed by Emilio Aguinaldo. In Barangay Limbon, Andrés Bonifacio was arrested after being defeated in the Tejeros Convention and prevented from pursuing his counter-revolutionary plan according to witnesses. One of these witness was Severino de las Alas, a resident of the town, who accused Bonifacio of trying to burn the Church of Indang, dedicated to the town patron, Saint Gregory the Great, built in the 17th century and one of the oldest in the province. He later served in Aguinaldo’s government as Interior Secretary.